St. John of the Cross

St. John of the Cross (1542-1591) was a Spanish Carmelite mystic, poet, and reformer. John befriended St. Teresa of Avila, and he became a follower of hers in the reformation of the Carmelite order. Together they founded what became known as the “discalced” Carmelites (because they adhered to a stricter rule and a simpler way of life that non-reformed Carmelites, including not wearing shoes). John later served as the spiritual director to Teresa and the other nuns at Avila. There was much controversy around the Carmelite reforms, and John was captured and imprisoned by a rival group. During his time in prison, he composed some of his most beautiful mystical poetry. His most influential works are The Spiritual Canticle and Dark Night of the Soul, in which he describes how the soul journeys to God through the darkness and difficulty, and the hidden grace, of the night. His feast day is December 14.

 Questions for Reflection:

  • When have you experienced a “dark night of the soul?” How did you experience grace in the darkness?

  • How have you found God through art?

  • Describe a leader that inspires you. What do you like about them?